Evidence from the ancient past show that female value was likely a little different than before the sexism that later became so pervasive. Today, with our now male centric religions or the many cultures of our current or past historic societies, which seem often to devalue or give a lesser status or limited value of women. Many present day thinkers may find it difficult to comprehend that women could have been valued, be equal to some extent, or even hold a position or power, especially political power in early historic or prehistoric times but even more so in the Middle East region where today, the most heavy restrictions are on women’s rights. The following is a list of women as leaders or rulers and other positions of political authority that may help support a different thinking:

6,530 – 5,240 years ago Legendary Queen Eyleuka of Ethiopia

5,000 years ago Shagshag ruled as Queen in Mesopotamia

4,952 – After 4,939 years ago Pharaoh Meritneith (Meryet-Nit) of Egypt

4,720 years ago Regent Dowager Queen Ni-Maat-Hepi of Egypt

4,585 – 4,145 years ago Legendary Queen Nehasset Nais of Ethiopia

4,580 – 4,510 years ago Controller of the Affairs of the Kiltwearers Queen Hetepheres II of Egypt

4,570 years ago Politically Influential Queen Meresankh III of Egypt

4,530 years ago Politically Influential Queen Khamerernebti II of Egypt

4,500 years ago Queen Ku-baba Azag-bau of Kis (Iraq)

4,500 years ago Co-Ruler Pu-Abi of Ur (Iraq)

4,459 – 4,401 years ago Governor of Markellashi in the Elam District (Iraq)

4,420 years ago Queen Su-bad of Ur (Iraq)

4,334 years ago High Priestess Enheduanna of the Moon Temple at Ur (Iraq)

4,295 – 4,250 years ago Vizier, Judge and Magistrate Nebet of Egypt

4,295 – 4,250 years ago Politically Influential Princess Chui of Egypt

4,295 years ago Regent Dowager Queen Iput of Egypt

4,250 years ago Regent Dowager Sister Queens Ankhesenmeryre I & II of Egypt

4,180 years ago Pharaoh Queen Nitocris of (Egypt) in Turin Canon, not the Abydos Kings’ List

4,168 years ago High Priestess Nannepadda of the Moon Temple at Ur (Iraq)

4,107 years ago High Priestess Enniragalanna of the Moon Temple at Ur (Iraq)

4,094 – 4,047 years ago Politically Influential Queen Shulgi-shimti of Ur (Iraq)

4,089 – 4,041 years ago High Priestess Ennirzianna of the Moon Temple at Ur (Iraq)

4,065 – 4,008 years ago De-facto Co-ruler Queen Neferukayet in Upper Egypt

4,023 – 3,999 years ago High Priestess of the Moon Temple at Ur (Iraq)

4,025 – 4,001 years ago High Priestess and Ruler of Isin (Iraq)

3,939 – 3,909 years ago Co-ruler Queen Neferu of Egypt

3,875 years ago Queen Kasiopo of Kush (Sudan)

3,834 years ago High Priestess En-an-e-du of the Moon Temple at Ur (Iraq)

3,800 years ago Politically Active Queen Sabitu of Mari (Egypt)

3,790 – 1,745 years ago Mayor Kirum of Khaya-Sumu’s City in Ilansura (Mesopotamia)

3,763 years ago Pharaoh Sebekneferu of Egypt

3,590 years ago Co-Regent Tawananna Harapscheki of the Hitite Kingdom (Turkey)

3,570 years ago Ruler Queen Ahhotep I of Egypt

3,539 years ago Regent Queen Ahmose Nefertari of Egypt

3,472 years ago Joint Reigning Queen Jopes Cassiopeia of Jaffa (Israel)

3,467 – 3,445 years ago Pharaoh Hatshepsut of Egypt

3,458 years ago Joint Queen Regnant Itey the Corpulent of Punt (Somalia)

3,440 years ago De-facto Ruler Queen Asmunikal of the Hittite Empire (Turkey)

3,426 – 3,388 years ago Politically Influential Queen Meritamen II of Egypt

3,400 years ago Ruler Queen Mumazes Moso of Ethiopia

3,388 years ago Regent Dowager Queen Mutemwia of Egypt

3,390 -3,327 years ago Politically Influential Queen Tiye of Egypt

3,358 years ago Ruler Queen Helena of Ethiopia

3,353 years ago Politically influential Queen Nefertiti of Egypt by 1336 Possibly as Pharaoh

3,323 – 3,305 Joint Ruler Queen Ankhesenpaaton Ankhesenaun of Egypt

3,300 years ago Politically Influential Queen Ninurmahmes of Ayalon (Israel)

3,250 years ago Co-Regent, The Tawananna Puduhepa of the Hittite Kingdom (Turkey)

3,235 years ago Regent Dowager Queen Ahatmilku of Ugarit (Syria)

3,200 years ago Possible Co-Regent Queen Tharriyelli of Ugarit (Syria)

3,194 – 3,192 years ago Joint Regent Queen Tausret of Egypt by 1192-1186 Pharaoh

3,117 years ago Divine Adoratrix Wife of Amun Isis IV at Thebes, Mistress of the Lands (Egypt)

3,120 years ago Judge and Phrophetess Debrah of Judeah (Israel)

3,045 – 2,992 years ago Joint Ruler Princess Isetemachbit III in Thebes (Egypt)

3,028 years ago Byzantine empress consort co-ruler Zoe Constantinople/Istanbul, Turkey

3,005 – 2,965 years ago Ruler Queen Makeda of Sheba (Yemen and Ethiopia)

As can be seen in all the female rulers, equality is nothing new. According to a scientific study, there is further confirmation which shows that sexual equality is nothing new even if it is something long forgotten and only now being reached for again. Evidence shows that in contemporary hunter-gatherer tribes, men and women tend to have equal influence on important decision-making. Such findings challenge the idea that sexual equality is a recent invention, suggesting that it has been the norm for humans for most of our evolutionary history. In addition, for even more validation archeologists in Central Anatolian found 4,000 year old tablets citing women’s rights.

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A 4,000 years old women’s rights document?

Above is a artistic rendering of a 9,000-8500 year old Female shaman found in archaeological finds from Bad Dürrenberg Germany. The town of Bad Dürrenberg is located on the river Saale between the cities of Leipzig, Merseburg and Weibenfels. Female shaman was found barred with reconstructed regalia from animal bones, horns, teeth, and shells. Female shamans are dominant in some cultures where they ate to the forefront of the cult practice. Whether in ancient China or Japan, or Korea, South Africa, Okinawa, the Philippines, from northern California to southern Chile, female shamanism is a widespread tradition from Buryat Mongolia to the Buriti religion in Gabon, that the first shaman was a woman. In some societies that practice shamanism there is a preference for the practitioners to be female. Evidence from archaeology in the Czech Republic indicated that the earliest Upper Palaeolithic shamans were in fact women. Descriptions of female shamans describe these women as invokers, healers, herbalists, oracles and diviners, ecstatic dancers, shape-shifters, shamanic journeyers, and priestesses of the ancestors. Female shamans or ‘shamankas’, are located among the Tungus people, the Buriats, Yakuts, Ostyaks, and among the Kamchadals the place of the shaman was usually taken by especially gifted old women. Ref