New Mutualism

New Mutualism “We are stronger as one than alone and thus we rise by helping each other.” Mutualism extremely common, widespread in nature “The benefit of mutualism increases with decreased resource availability. Mutualism often found in stressed habitats (In favorable environments, by contrast, species can make it on their own, without expending energy on behalf of mutualist). Human agriculture is mutualistic in nature. Many mutualisms have co-evolved. Mutualism ranges from facultative to obligate. Model of mutualism, based on a Logistic model, helps explain some aspects of mutualism, but does not really explain when they are stable; obligate mutualism should be less stable than facultative, according to theory. A review of the natural history of mutualism indicates a variety of factors that will make models more realistic: consumer-resource dynamics, tradeoffs, habitat stress.” ref According to Sara Horowitz in an article titled, “What is New Mutualism?” that it’s the little choices that matter. “Do you set up your own home office or join a co-working community? Shop at a chain grocery store or a local food co-op? Bank or credit union? We all face these decisions every day. The choice is deceptively simple — go it alone or build something together. Building together always ends up better. That’s the biggest lesson I’ve learned from freelancers — your network is everything. The most successful independent workers are the ones who know you need people to turn to when you’re in a dry spell, or you’re overloaded with work, or you just need some advice. It’s that simple idea — we are stronger together than we are alone — that’s at the heart of our vision of the new economy. And millions of freelancers are already...

Flat Earth Mania: a debunked religious theory, given new life in the post truth world

Think such nonsense as Flat Earth Mania is in the past, you know in a time of little scientific progress, when a ship voyaging to the great beyond entailed wooden ships, not spaceships we have today and yet Modern Flat-Earthers. here is a current news report 11/2017 of a 61-year-old stuntman and amateur Flat Earth theorist “Mad” Mike Hughes, who planned to launch himself in a homemade scrap-metal untested homemade steam-powered rocket  – in an effort to prove that Earth is flat – wishing to possablly traviling  1,800 feet up at 500 miles per hour over the Mojave Desert ghost town of Amboy, said he is postponing the experiment after he couldn’t get permission from a federal agency to conduct it on public land. in some sort of gambit to prove the Earth is flat (spoilers: it’s not). A Bureau of Land Management spokeswoman said its local field office had no record of speaking with Hughes and that he had not applied for the necessary special recreation permit to hold an event on public land. ref, ref Flat Earth – Wikipedia The flat Earth model is an archaic conception of Earth‘s shape as a plane or disk. Many ancient cultures subscribed to a flat Earth cosmography, including Greece until the classical period, the Bronze Age and Iron Age civilizations of the Near East until the Hellenistic period, India until the Gupta period (early centuries AD), and China until the 17th century. Pythagoras in the 6th-century BC and Parmenides in the 5th-century stated that the Earth is spherical, the spherical view spread rapidly in the Greek world. Around 330 BC, Aristotle maintained on the basis of physical theory and observational evidence that the Earth was spherical, and reported...