New Mutualism

New Mutualism “We are stronger as one than alone and thus we rise by helping each other.” Mutualism extremely common, widespread in nature “The benefit of mutualism increases with decreased resource availability. Mutualism often found in stressed habitats (In favorable environments, by contrast, species can make it on their own, without expending energy on behalf of mutualist). Human agriculture is mutualistic in nature. Many mutualisms have co-evolved. Mutualism ranges from facultative to obligate. Model of mutualism, based on a Logistic model, helps explain some aspects of mutualism, but does not really explain when they are stable; obligate mutualism should be less stable than facultative, according to theory. A review of the natural history of mutualism indicates a variety of factors that will make models more realistic: consumer-resource dynamics, tradeoffs, habitat stress.” ref According to Sara Horowitz in an article titled, “What is New Mutualism?” that it’s the little choices that matter. “Do you set up your own home office or join a co-working community? Shop at a chain grocery store or a local food co-op? Bank or credit union? We all face these decisions every day. The choice is deceptively simple — go it alone or build something together. Building together always ends up better. That’s the biggest lesson I’ve learned from freelancers — your network is everything. The most successful independent workers are the ones who know you need people to turn to when you’re in a dry spell, or you’re overloaded with work, or you just need some advice. It’s that simple idea — we are stronger together than we are alone — that’s at the heart of our vision of the new economy. And millions of freelancers are already...

Flat Earth Mania: a debunked religious theory, given new life in the post truth world

Think such nonsense as Flat Earth Mania is in the past, you know in a time of little scientific progress, when a ship voyaging to the great beyond entailed wooden ships, not spaceships we have today and yet Modern Flat-Earthers. here is a current news report 11/2017 of a 61-year-old stuntman and amateur Flat Earth theorist “Mad” Mike Hughes, who planned to launch himself in a homemade scrap-metal untested homemade steam-powered rocket  – in an effort to prove that Earth is flat – wishing to possablly traviling  1,800 feet up at 500 miles per hour over the Mojave Desert ghost town of Amboy, said he is postponing the experiment after he couldn’t get permission from a federal agency to conduct it on public land. in some sort of gambit to prove the Earth is flat (spoilers: it’s not). A Bureau of Land Management spokeswoman said its local field office had no record of speaking with Hughes and that he had not applied for the necessary special recreation permit to hold an event on public land. ref, ref Flat Earth – Wikipedia The flat Earth model is an archaic conception of Earth‘s shape as a plane or disk. Many ancient cultures subscribed to a flat Earth cosmography, including Greece until the classical period, the Bronze Age and Iron Age civilizations of the Near East until the Hellenistic period, India until the Gupta period (early centuries AD), and China until the 17th century. Pythagoras in the 6th-century BC and Parmenides in the 5th-century stated that the Earth is spherical, the spherical view spread rapidly in the Greek world. Around 330 BC, Aristotle maintained on the basis of physical theory and observational evidence that the Earth was spherical, and reported...

Axiological Atheist Damien Marie AtHope interviews BABA BRINKMAN

Axiological Atheist Damien Marie AtHope interviews BABA BRINKMAN “I enjoyed the interview with Baba Brinkman, he was authentic, open, intelligent, interesting, and caring. And I liked him sharing his freestyle at the end.” BabaBrinkman.com Baba Brinkman on Facebook Baba Brinkman on Twitter Baba Brinkman on Instagram ABOUT BABA BRINKMAN: Press Release on Baba Brinkman Baba Brinkman is a Canadian rap artist and award- winning playwright. To date, Brinkman has written seven hip hop plays and released more than a dozen rap albums, toured the world, and enjoyed successful runs at the Edinburgh Fringe Festival and off-Broadway in New York.Brinkman is a pioneer in both science-based rap and also “lit- hop” or literary hip hop, and he’s known for his adaptations of The Canterbury Tales, Beowulf, and Gilgamesh. However, he is best known for his “Rap Guide” series. The first of those, The Rap Guide to Evolution (“Astonishing and brilliant” – NY Times), won a Scotsman Fringe First Award and a Drama Desk Award nomination, and was featured on US national TV on The Rachel Maddow Show and at the Seattle Science Festival opening for Stephen Hawking. Baba is a recent recipient of the National Center for Science Education’s “Friend of Darwin Award” for his efforts to improve the public understanding of evolutionary biology. His play, Rap Guide to Consciousness, was a hit at the 2017 Edinburgh Fringe exploring the material basis of brain science in hip hop form. His clever and distinctive style has earned him the attention of the New York Times, Time Out New York, The Village Voice, NPR, Macleans, CBC, and the BBC. When he is not...

The Earth about 4.54 billion years old to Humans about 200,000 years ago.

While the earth is about 4.54 billion years old and the first life dates to at least 3.5 billion years ago, the first primates did not appear until around 50-55 million years ago. But by 50 million years ago, dinosaurs were extinct from the Earth. Continental fragments collided, pushing up mountain ranges still existing today. The collision of Africa into Europe gave rise to the Alps in Europe, and the collision of India into Asia formed the Himalaya. Birds and mammals began to expand in number and diversity. Genetic studies show that primates diverged from other mammals about 85 million years ago, in the Late Cretaceous period, and the earliest fossils appear in the Paleocene, around 55 million years ago. Within the Hominoidea (apes) superfamily, the Hominidae family diverged from the Hylobatidae (gibbon) family some 15–20 million years ago; African great apes (subfamily Homininae) diverged from orangutans (Ponginae) about 14 million years ago; the Hominini tribe (humans, Australopithecines and other extinct biped genera, and chimpanzee) parted from the Gorillini tribe (gorillas) between 9 million years ago and 8 million years ago; and, in turn, the subtribes Hominina (humans and biped ancestors) and Panina (chimps) separated about 7.5 million years ago to 5.6 million years ago and humans are around 200,000 years ago.   https://www.nationalgeographic.org/encyclopedia/continental-drift/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_evolution...

Totemism: an approximately 50,000-year-old belief system?

In a general way, Totemism is sacralizing relationships expressed by metaphorical connection imparted items or behavior with people. Seen most commonly in current religious food taboos and sacrifice as well as sacred art (whether real or metaphorical and be it a behavior, thing, or person being sacrificed). “A totem is a spirit being, sacred object, or symbol that serves as an emblem of a group of people, such as a family, clan, lineage, or tribe.” – Wikipedia Totemism | religion | Britannica.com  “Totemism, system of belief in which humans are said to have kinship or a mystical relationship with a spirit-being, such as an animal or plant. The entity, or totem, is thought to interact with a given kin group or an individual and to serve as their emblem or symbol. The term totemism has been used to characterize a cluster of traits in the religion and in the social organization of many peoples. Totemism is manifested in various forms and types in different contexts and is most often found among populations whose traditional economies relied on hunting and gathering, mixed farming with hunting and gathering, or emphasized the raising of cattle. The term totem is derived from the Ojibwa word ototeman, meaning “one’s brother-sister kin.” The grammatical root, ote, signifies a blood relationship between brothers and sisters who have the same mother and who may not marry each other. In English, the word totem was introduced in 1791 by a British merchant and translator who gave it a false meaning in the belief that it designated the guardian spirit of an individual, who appeared in the form of an animal—an idea that the Ojibwa clans did indeed portray by their wearing of animal skins. It was reported at the end of the 18th century that...