Natufians: an Ancient People at the Origins of Agriculture and Sedentary Life

Natufians: an Ancient People at the Origins of Agriculture and Sedentary Life 13,000 – 11,700 Years Ago – (Israel/Levant), found evidence of the likely origin of the Natufians, who were different nomadic hunter-gatherer bands coming together or at least outgroup sharing of ideas at first then more ingroup cohesion at some point. The Natufians, possibly formed as early as 13,500 years ago and seemed to engage in at least some long distance exchange, seen at Ain Mallaha in Northern Israel that had obsidian from Turkey and shellfish from the Nile valley. As far as funerary practices there have been several notable burials and grave goods, such as four burial sites with Natufian cave pit graves contained 29 skeletons with flowers and elsewhere Natufian graves have held shells, teeth, bones, and stone. There are also pendants, bracelets, necklaces, earrings, and belt-ornaments as well all showing some ritual or religious burial rite. One amazing burial sites was found in a small cave in the lower Galilee consisting of a 12,000 year old adult Natufian female who must have been special as her grave was somewhat unique, was found in a burial ground for at least 28 people. Her grave apparently demonstrates her significance in the Natufian culture and may have been a kind of religious or other type leader or possibly a shaman. The grave contained the remains of at least at least three aurochs and 70 tortoises shells, the pelvis of a leopard, forearm of a wild boar, wingtip of a golden eagle, and skull of a stone marten. A proto formation of ancestral hunter-gatherers from several linages in and...