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Totemism: an approximately 50,000-year-old belief system?

In a general way, Totemism is sacralizing relationships expressed by metaphorical connection imparted items or behavior with people. Seen most commonly in current religious food taboos and sacrifice as well as sacred art (whether real or metaphorical and be it a behavior, thing, or person being sacrificed). “A totem is a spirit being, sacred object, or symbol that serves as an emblem of a group of people, such as a family, clan, lineage, or tribe.” – Wikipedia Totemism | religion | Britannica.com  “Totemism, system of belief in which humans are said to have kinship or a mystical relationship with a spirit-being, such as an animal or plant. The entity, or totem, is thought to interact with a given kin group or an individual and to serve as their emblem or symbol. The term totemism has been used to characterize a cluster of traits in the religion and in the social organization of many peoples. Totemism is manifested in various forms and types in different contexts and is most often found among populations whose traditional economies relied on hunting and gathering, mixed farming with hunting and gathering, or emphasized the raising of cattle. The term totem is derived from the Ojibwa word ototeman, meaning “one’s brother-sister kin.” The grammatical root, ote, signifies a blood relationship between brothers and sisters who have the same mother and who may not marry each other. In English, the word totem was introduced in 1791 by a British merchant and translator who gave it a false meaning in the belief that it designated the guardian spirit of an individual, who appeared in the form of an animal—an idea that the Ojibwa clans did indeed portray by their wearing of animal skins. It was reported at the end of the 18th century that...

The Pseudohistoric and Pseudoscientific claims about “Bakoni Ruins” of South Africa

The Pseudohistoric and Pseudoscientific claims about “Bakoni Ruins” of South Africa Info on PSEUDOARCHAEOLOGY Micheal Tellinger claims of Bakoni Ruins being from prehistory is false pseudoscience. According to author Michael Tellinger Michael Tellinger and the Counterfactual Romance of Ancient Astronauts According to author Jason Colavito, “In reading this month’s Fortean Times, I discovered that he is not the only musician questing after an alternative to science. An advertisement informs me that South African musician and actor Michael Tellinger has adopted Zecharia Sitchin’s ideas as truth and has a new book called African Temples of the Anunnaki, a follow-up to 2005’s Slave Species of God, which he advertised as the culmination of twenty-five years of study of… wait for it… Zecharia Sitchin. Tellinger’s ideas are unsupportable even by the loose standards of ancient astronaut idiocy. On the home page for Slave Species, Tellinger asks “Why do all mythologies have the same group of GODS?” I imagine this will come as a bit of shock to the Aztec that their gods are identical to those of China and Greece. Even within the Indo-European family of religions, we are hard-pressed to find identical gods; Odin, Frigg, Freya, and Thor do not precisely match the Greek gods; Freya, for example, has aspects the Greeks divided among Aphrodite, Athena, and Persephone. Even two myth systems we today think of as virtually identical—Greece and Rome—have challenging difficulties, not least the startling difference between the bloodthirsty berserker Ares and the beneficent farming warrior Mars. Again, Tellinger asks: “Why is the FLYING SERPENT the creator god in all mythologies?” Do I even need to say that it is not? Without getting into the question of whether Tellinger means...

No Magic Zone: including politics and religion

No Magic Zone: including politics and religion.   I am against all supernatural, superstition, pseudomorality, pseudohistory, and pseudoscience. And I am against anything that intentionally sacralizes.  Sacralize? Sacralize: to imbue with or treat as having a sacred character or quality. “Rural images that sacralize country life or inner-city images that sacralize urban life,” sacralization, noun, the act or process of acquiring sanctity in a religious context. For sacralization as a social or political phenomenon, see political religion; verb (used with object), sacralized, sacralizing. To make sacred; imbue with a sacred character, especially through ritualized devotion: a society that sacralized “special” figures. In addition to basic forms of politics, like parliament and elections, it also holds an aspect of sacralization related to the institutions contained within the regime and also provides the inner measures traditionally considered to be religious territory, such as ethics, values, symbols, myths, rituals and for example a national liturgical calendar. Political religious organizations, such as the Nazi Party, adhered to the idealization of cultural and political power over the country at large. The church body of the state no longer held control over the practices of religious identity. Because of this, Nazism was countered by many political and religious organizations as being a political religion, based on the dominance which the Nazi regime had (Gates and Steane). Political religions generally vie with existing traditional religions and may try to replace or eradicate them. The theory of political religion concerns governmental ideologies whose cultural and political backing is so strong that they are said to attain power equivalent to those of a state religion, with which they...

When would skepticism NOT be reasonable?

When would skepticism NOT be reasonable?   “Well, when would skepticism NOT be reasonable is when you have a confirmed fact.” I am a rationalist atheist and am only skeptic if it is warranted and reasonable to do so and it is not always reasonable. So I don’t put the same believed value in skepticism that skeptic atheists insist it has. However, I don’t at all see where there would be that much different between Skepticism and atheism to have many issues unless the atheism is religious leaning or fully religious atheism or the skepticism is religious pseudo-skepticism (denialism) or solipsism skepticism.   “Denialism is the refusal to accept well-established theory, law, fact or evidence. In scientific contexts, the denialist can deny a cause (carbon dioxide does not cause global warming), an effect (the Earth is not warming), the association between the two (CO2 levels are rising and the Earth is warming, but not because of the carbon dioxide), the direction of the cause-and-effect relationship (carbon dioxide concentrations are increasing because the earth is warming) or the identification of the cause-and-effect relationship (other factors than greenhouse gases are causing the Earth to warm). Often denialists practice minimization (the Earth is warming, but it’s not harmful) and use misplaced skepticism to give an unwarranted veneer of scientific thinking. Major scientific targets of denialism include evolution, global warming, the link between HIV and AIDS, the link between smoking and lung cancer, and evidence that there is no correlation between vaccination and autism. Often self-interest is the motivation behind denialism, hence arguments are often politicised or financially motivated. For example, tobacco companies...

Debunking both Positive (HEAVEN) and Negative (HELL) near death experiences.

Near Death, Experiences is Brain Activity, not Supernatural anything. More evidence that near-death experiences are related to brain activity, not the supernatural. Many think they leave their body and up above their body can look down on things and thus say this is proof of life outside of death. But this is just more wishful thinking as always. To date, six studies have tried some form of this method, mostly on cardiac-arrest patients, and all have failed to find an ironclad case of veridical perception. All involved placing some stimulus—a picture or a symbol on, say, a piece of paper or an electronic display—in a high location, visible only if you were floating near the ceiling. The research designers did their best to make sure that nobody—not the doctors or nurses, not the patient, and not whoever interviewed the patient afterward—would know what the stimulus was until after the interviews were over. “Most scientists assume it will—that NDEs are nothing more than the product of spasms in a dying brain.” – The Science of Near-Death-Experiences “It’s long been suspected that what we describe as near-death experiences (NDEs) may be related to processes in the brain that create a flurry of activity to produce the strange sensations. Those that survive the beginning of the shutdown process may tell about it as a religious or spiritual experience. Well, it’s certainly strange. New research supports the idea that it may be physiological, not supernatural.” – Evidence Near-Death-Experiences are not Supernatural Are some cultures or demographics more prone to believe in the superstitious or in certain superstitions? Anyone can fall for foolishness in thinking but fear seems to be...

Sun and Moon Goddesses

Sun and Moon Goddesses List of the Sun Goddesses Aditi – a Hindu Goddess from India, keeper of the light that illuminates all life and ensures consciousness. She gave birth to the universe and the heavenly bodies. Aine – Irish Goddess who represented the spark of life. Her festival was celebrated on Midsummer’s eve. Later she was remembered in Christian times as the fairy queen Akycha – An Alaskan solar Goddess who once lived on earth as a beautiful woman. She fled into the sky after her brother raped her. Amaterasu – Japanese Shinto Goddess, her name means great shinning heaven. She is the head of the Japanese pantheon and her emblem, the rising sun, appears on the Japanese flag. Bast – The Lion Goddess of sunset, among her many roles she symbolized the fertilizing rays of the sun. Beiwe – Sámi Goddess of Lapland, she was celebrated at the summer solstice for providing the light the plants needed to grow. These in turn fed the reindeer that were vital source of food, clothing, and tools for the people. Bila – The cannibal Aboriginal Goddess who provided light for the world by cooking her victims over a giant flame. She was chased away but the world was then plunged into darkness, so Bila was captured and tethered to the earth. Brigid – A Celtic fire Goddess, as a solar deity her attributes are light, inspiration and all skills associated with fire. Chup-Kamui – A modest Japanese moon Goddess. She traded places with the sun God as she was so embarrassed by the adulterous and lecherous behavior that was occurring at night. Djanggawul Sisters – Aboriginal Goddesses from Arhemland....