“Do you meditate, Damien?” – Questioner
My response, No, but I do thinking experiments where I contemplate theoretical and normative ideas and their use and effective application. CRITICAL THINKING: Discernment Detachment Delineation: link

Two Atheists philosophers:

Damien AtHope (Autodidact Philosopher) & Challenger (with an MA. Philosophy)

debate “spiritual”

Challenger, A lot of philosophers discuss “spiritual” things that have nothing to do with the supernatural. “Hadot acknowledges his use of the term “spiritual exercises” may create anxieties, by associating philosophical practices more closely with religious devotion than typically done (Nussbaum 1996, 353-4; Cooper 2010). Hadot’s use of the adjective “spiritual” (or sometimes “existential”) indeed aims to capture how these practices, like devotional practices in the religious traditions (6a), are aimed at generating and reactivating a constant way of living and perceiving in prokopta, despite the distractions, temptations, and difficulties of life. For this reason, they call upon far more than “reason alone.” http://www.iep.utm.edu/hadot/#H5 Damien Marie AtHope, God has many definitions yet lack epistemic justification, If there is some “spiritual” I want to hear a clear and evidence-rich offering with valid and reliable reason one evidence full with adherence to epistemic rationality. Challenger, Hadot’s concept of spiritual exercise is based on ancient philosophy and is quite secular in nature. It has been adopted quite a bit by a lot of cognitive behavior therapy as well. There is something to be said against viewing philosophy as a mere handmaiden to science, though. So, cognitive behavioral therapy is not necessarily needed to think there’s a philosophical point to spiritual exercises. I wrote a bit about this issue a long time ago here. https://www.facebook.com/notes/ethical-realism/what-it-really-means-to-be-spiritual/215937618383 Damien Marie AtHope, here are two of my blogs Spiritual Woo Woo, Trying to Make Magic of Reality  and Addressing The Ethics of Belief Challenger, The second link you posted right now is not relevant to this discussion in my view. I am not talking about a supernatural type of spiritual. Yes, people use the word ‘spiritual’ in different ways. That is how a lot of important words are including ‘sound,’ ‘valid,’ ‘philosophy,’ ‘logic’, etc. Damien Marie AtHope, Challenger, You are actually going to say a reasoned thinker does not ALWAYS need to be aware of the ethics of belief? A good standard is to adhere beliefs to is epistemic rationality (a rational belief or knowledge forming possess) which has similarities to the correspondence theory of truth (a rational belief or knowledge forming possess requiring that they accurately relate to or describes (i.e., corresponds with) that real world as it presents itself. However, epistemic rationality is that part of rationality which involves achieving accurate beliefs about the world (i.e., corresponds with), but also good belief educate, such as, assessment before belief acquisition, reassessing and if need be updating one’s beliefs once valid, sound and reliable to new evidence when it is received and examining why such a belief is needed, useful or an actual extension of knowledge. Here is epistemic rationality as it is stated by Center for Applied Rationality, “when cognitive scientists talk about rationality, one of the main things they’re talking about is epistemic rationality.” Ref Challenger, It is a complex issue, but how does it relate to this issue? The spiritual exercises were developed by philosophers for good reasons. They should not be dismissed as violating the ethics of belief in my view. The view is not to be easily dismissed as irrational or unethical in this case. You might have reasons to reject it, but make sure you understand all the reasons to think it could be right first. Damien Marie AtHope, Challenger, How does it not you hold that burden to proof as you first made the claim I challenged you are not trying to shift the burden on me are you? Challenger, The burden of proof is best analyzed by reading books about it, not by thinking I can prove it easily in a conversation like this. I don’t want to explain all the details here. I already posted some info about it. Damien Marie AtHope, Believing things you don’t know is to be ethically, intellectually dishonest does it not? Great so you will support your claim? Challenger, You don’t have to believe it, but being dismissive of what you don’t know is not intellectually honest either. Damien Marie AtHope, Challenger claiming to know does right? You made a truth claim it seemed to me unless you are restating it as a personal view and not a TRUTH claim? Challenger, I wrote my master’s thesis about this issue to some extent. Two New Stoic Ethical Theories (Free Ebook, updated 12/11/10). What was the truth claim that you question exactly? Damien Marie AtHope, The spiritual exercises were developed by philosophers for good reasons. – claim without full substantiation of your claim. Challenger, You can read more about it. I don’t think a simple facebook conversation would due justice to that fact because there’s a lot involved. Books are written about it. Damien Marie AtHope, “good reasons” – loose looking “thinking claim” you will be quite hard pressed to prove a thing but as always I am more than ready to receive your evidence substantiation. Challenger, You can read my MA thesis. I posted a link to it. If you can know enough about the issue to have a proper conversation about the details, I will be willing to delve into the details more. Damien Marie AtHope, Telling me to read more is not a refutation of anything I said rather you are adding more elevation from fulfilling the truth of error in your claim. Challenger, I can make claims that are explained and justified in hundreds of pages of books that I know about. You might as well say you reject cognitive behavioral therapy and that the burden of proof is on the psychologist to prove it can be effective when they already have a lot of research just because fully explaining all the research would take too much time, and you can already read about it on your own. I don’t think major philosophical conclusions are properly proven in a facebook conversation. There’s a lot of information to think about and discuss. A lot of the evidence also has to do with personal experience, but even discussing that requires a familiarity with the subject. Damien Marie AtHope, Stating your education is great and still no evidence then you have training, not that you employ it with a universal truth to all claims to such a person and I am taken back that you think you can push any claim against me without your full valid warrant… I want evidence, please? Challenger, Before providing evidence you have to know what the claim is. I don’t have to fully teach classes of material online in a personal facebook conversation without payment. Even if I taught a class on this, I would have people do readings on it. Damien Marie AtHope, I do so enjoy conversing with you so you don’t think I am not enjoying this. Challenger, Want to prove anything you learned in psychology to me that requires a lot of classes and research to understand properly just through a simple facebook conversation and without reading the material? Damien Marie AtHope, I would be glad to in fact I would love o talk over this with you and still, I want the proof you have for the “good reasons”. How I see it is you exaggerated or used a hasty generalization and now that I am holding it to you, the question not answered with sufficient evidence only an appeal to authority, yet it seems logical fallacies to me. What I find the oddest is your initiating this entire conversation on my post, which you willingly did, then it seems you may be trying to posture that you can’t be bothered to give more than evidenceless opinions in their place? Challenger, Sometimes an appeal to authority is perfectly reasonable and appropriate rather than fallacious. I don’t ask experts to prove everything they say in facebook conversations, but I do think it is good when they offer more information for the curious. I am not claiming I know everything about this issue in a strong sense either. Claiming a belief is irrational or false is also a strong claim. Having reasons for beliefs is mostly all we can do in philosophy, but I doubt you even know what spiritual exercises are. It would take time to even explain that. You want to tell us you don’t like the word ‘spiritual.’ You admit you don’t know what people mean by the word. It often seems like it has to do with the supernatural. Yes, the ‘spiritual’ can have to do with the supernatural. If you want to know what it can mean in the most reasonable way, you can look into spiritual exercises of the stoics. It does not have to do with the supernatural there. If you want to know if the concept itself is unreasonable or whether spiritual exercises can be effective, we can talk about those issues, but first I would want you to learn more about it. For the Stoics, the spiritual is related to their moral psychology, so you can learn more about the Stoic conception of moral psychology, which I discuss in my thesis. Here is a simple illustration: You can want an apple and it might not be available. You can get upset about that by thinking it’s bad that you can’t have it. It would seem like a good idea to think about why it’s not a bad thing to not get upset about it. Damien Marie AtHope, I can show there is no such thing but emotionalism projected as knowledge. as to the further assertion that an expert does not have to validate your unsupported claim that I then held you to which you are again trying to posture that somehow asking you to validate a claim you as the self-reported expert are not evidentiary showing me anything but just the same evidence evasion all erroring thinker tend to do as a form of self-protection meaning you seem to be hiding the evidence you as the reported expert you think is better than me of which you have yet to demonstrate but as always I am waiting and all I have been asking is give evidence or say you don’t really believe your first claim as offered as it does seem you are trying towards? That some nice explanation but so to can William Lane Craig say the same things about faith believed beliefs, say he uses god positively but that is neither proof of a god anything not that a god is good. You said they do it for good reasons. No, they do it for an abstraction on reality it is not an actual ontological property as in there is no ontological really connected property it’s an extra subjective word about one’s feelings about believed ontologies reality. Challenger, What isn’t an actual ontological property? Doing something to change our emotional states? Trying to have emotional states that are healthier or more reasonable? Damien Marie AtHope, Ontology is the philosophical study of the nature of being, becoming, existence or reality as well as the basic categories of being and their relations. Traditionally listed as a part of the major branch of philosophy known as metaphysics, ontology often deals with questions concerning what entities exist or may be said to exist and how such entities may be grouped, related within a hierarchy, and subdivided according to similarities and differences. Although ontology as a philosophical enterprise is highly theoretical, it also has practical application in information science and technology, such as ontology engineering. Challenger, I know what ontology is. You said, “it’s not an actual ontological property.” Is it possible to change our emotional states? Can some emotional states be based on false beliefs and be corrected by true beliefs? Damien Marie AtHope, How I see the difference between Ontology and Definition: “The Ontology, is mainly the objective reality of a thing. A “Definition” is often the subjective explanation of a thing.” We are always emotionalizing as we are an emotional being who use the thinking method of reason that is utilized in a way that is not standard to the thinking of lower animals. So, we use emotional intelligence to manage our emotions to be able to hold emotions in regulation while we think or that is what can happen when we are functioning well but you know we are quite fallible. Can some emotional states be based on false beliefs and be corrected by true beliefs? Yes, it is possible… Challenger, Spiritual exercises have to do with changing our emotions mainly by making sure our beliefs are true or reasonable because there’s a connection between our beliefs and emotions, and we can make ourselves miserable by having false beliefs about bad things happening. Damien Marie AtHope, Challenger Is there a universal taxonomy of Spiritual exercises, if so evidence, please. Principal questions of ontology include: “What can be said to exist?” “What is a thing?” “Into what categories, if any, can we sort existing things?” “What are the meanings of being?” “What are the various modes of being of entities?” Challenger, I know of no universal taxonomy for it. It’s focus is not metaphysics. The focus is how to live your life and psychology. Damien Marie AtHope, Thanks.

What are your thoughts on an afterlife?

My response, I don’t believe in the superstition of afterlives, this is my one life, may I live it well trying to make a difference in this here-and-now world we all know exists and needs our help. This world is not kind and that is why it is upon us to make it so. We rise by helping each other.

“But Damien, Souls are real because energy does not die!”

My response, That is a logical fallacy as it is not a reasoned jump in logic. Energy leaves all once alive bodies by dissipating heat in the environment then is gone as the once related energy in a now dead body.

Damien Marie AtHope’s Art

Do you truly think “Religious Belief” is only a matter of some personal choice?

Do you not see how coercive one’s world of choice is limited to the obvious hereditary belief, in most religious choices available to the child of religious parents or caregivers? Religion is more commonly like a family, culture, society, etc. available belief that limits the belief choices of the child and that is when “Religious Belief” is not only a matter of some personal choice and when it becomes hereditary faith, not because of the quality of its alleged facts or proposed truths but because everyone else important to the child believes similarly so they do as well simply mimicking authority beliefs handed to them. Because children are raised in religion rather than being presented all possible choices but rather one limited dogmatic brand of “Religious Belief” where children only have a choice of following the belief as instructed, and then personally claim the faith hereditary belief seen in the confirming to the belief they have held themselves all their lives. This is obvious in statements asked and answered by children claiming a faith they barely understand but they do understand that their family believes “this or that” faith, so they feel obligated to believe it too. While I do agree that “Religious Belief” should only be a matter of some personal choice, it rarely is… End Hereditary Religion!

Opposition to Imposed Hereditary Religion

Damien Marie AtHope’s Art


Animism: Respecting the Living World by Graham Harvey 

“How have human cultures engaged with and thought about animals, plants, rocks, clouds, and other elements in their natural surroundings? Do animals and other natural objects have a spirit or soul? What is their relationship to humans? In this new study, Graham Harvey explores current and past animistic beliefs and practices of Native Americans, Maori, Aboriginal Australians, and eco-pagans. He considers the varieties of animism found in these cultures as well as their shared desire to live respectfully within larger natural communities. Drawing on his extensive casework, Harvey also considers the linguistic, performative, ecological, and activist implications of these different animisms.” ref

Damien Marie AtHope’s Art

We are like believing machines we vacuum up ideas, like Velcro sticks to almost everything. We accumulate beliefs that we allow to negatively influence our lives, often without realizing it. Our willingness must be to alter skewed beliefs that impend our balance or reason, which allows us to achieve new positive thinking and accurate outcomes.

My thoughts on Religion Evolution with external links for more info:

“Religion is an Evolved Product” and Yes, Religion is Like Fear Given Wings…

Atheists talk about gods and religions for the same reason doctors talk about cancer, they are looking for a cure, or a firefighter talks about fires because they burn people and they care to stop them. We atheists too often feel a need to help the victims of mental slavery, held in the bondage that is the false beliefs of gods and the conspiracy theories of reality found in religions.

“Understanding Religion Evolution: Animism, Totemism, Shamanism, Paganism & Progressed organized religion”

Understanding Religion Evolution:

“An Archaeological/Anthropological Understanding of Religion Evolution”

It seems ancient peoples had to survived amazing threats in a “dangerous universe (by superstition perceived as good and evil),” and human “immorality or imperfection of the soul” which was thought to affect the still living, leading to ancestor worship. This ancestor worship presumably led to the belief in supernatural beings, and then some of these were turned into the belief in gods. This feeble myth called gods were just a human conceived “made from nothing into something over and over, changing, again and again, taking on more as they evolve, all the while they are thought to be special,” but it is just supernatural animistic spirit-belief perceived as sacred.


Quick Evolution of Religion?

Pre-Animism (at least 300,000 years ago) pre-religion is a beginning that evolves into later Animism. So, Religion as we think of it, to me, all starts in a general way with Animism (Africa: 100,000 years ago) (theoretical belief in supernatural powers/spirits), then this is physically expressed in or with Totemism (Europe: 50,000 years ago) (theoretical belief in mythical relationship with powers/spirits through a totem item), which then enlists a full-time specific person to do this worship and believed interacting Shamanism (Siberia/Russia: 30,000 years ago) (theoretical belief in access and influence with spirits through ritual), and then there is the further employment of myths and gods added to all the above giving you Paganism (Turkey: 12,000 years ago) (often a lot more nature-based than most current top world religions, thus hinting to their close link to more ancient religious thinking it stems from). My hypothesis is expressed with an explanation of the building of a theatrical house (modern religions development). Progressed organized religion (Egypt: 5,000 years ago)  with CURRENT “World” RELIGIONS (after 4,000 years ago).

Historically, in large city-state societies (such as Egypt or Iraq) starting around 5,000 years ago culminated to make religion something kind of new, a sociocultural-governmental-religious monarchy, where all or at least many of the people of such large city-state societies seem familiar with and committed to the existence of “religion” as the integrated life identity package of control dynamics with a fixed closed magical doctrine, but this juggernaut integrated religion identity package of Dogmatic-Propaganda certainly did not exist or if developed to an extent it was highly limited in most smaller prehistoric societies as they seem to lack most of the strong control dynamics with a fixed closed magical doctrine (magical beliefs could be at times be added or removed). Many people just want to see developed religious dynamics everywhere even if it is not. Instead, all that is found is largely fragments until the domestication of religion.

Religions, as we think of them today, are a new fad, even if they go back to around 6,000 years in the timeline of human existence, this amounts to almost nothing when seen in the long slow evolution of religion at least around 70,000 years ago with one of the oldest ritual worship. Stone Snake of South Africa: “first human worship” 70,000 years ago. This message of how religion and gods among them are clearly a man-made thing that was developed slowly as it was invented and then implemented peace by peace discrediting them all. Which seems to be a simple point some are just not grasping how devastating to any claims of truth when we can see the lie clearly in the archeological sites.

I wish people fought as hard for the actual values as they fight for the group/clan names political or otherwise they think support values. Every amount spent on war is theft to children in need of food or the homeless kept from shelter.

Here are several of my blog posts on history:

I am not an academic. I am a revolutionary that teaches in public, in places like social media, and in the streets. I am not a leader by some title given but from my commanding leadership style of simply to start teaching everywhere to everyone, all manner of positive education. 

“Theists, there has to be a god, as something can not come from nothing.”

Well, thus something (unknown) happened and then there was something. This does not tell us what the something that may have been involved with something coming from nothing. A supposed first cause, thus something (unknown) happened and then there was something is not an open invitation to claim it as known, neither is it justified to call or label such an unknown as anything, especially an unsubstantiated magical thinking belief born of mythology and religious storytelling.

Damien Marie AtHope’s Art

While hallucinogens are associated with shamanism, it is alcohol that is associated with paganism.

The Atheist-Humanist-Leftist Revolutionaries Shows in the prehistory series:

Show one: Prehistory: related to “Anarchism and Socialism” the division of labor, power, rights, and recourses.

Show two: Pre-animism 300,000 years old and animism 100,000 years old: related to “Anarchism and Socialism”

Show tree: Totemism 50,000 years old: related to “Anarchism and Socialism”

Show four: Shamanism 30,000 years old: related to “Anarchism and Socialism”

Show five: Paganism 12,000 years old: related to “Anarchism and Socialism”

Show six: Emergence of hierarchy, sexism, slavery, and the new male god dominance: Paganism 7,000-5,000 years old: related to “Anarchism and Socialism” (Capitalism) (World War 0) Elite and their slaves!

Show seven: Paganism 5,000 years old: progressed organized religion and the state: related to “Anarchism and Socialism” (Kings and the Rise of the State)

Show eight: Paganism 4,000 years old: Moralistic gods after the rise of Statism and often support Statism/Kings: related to “Anarchism and Socialism” (First Moralistic gods, then the Origin time of Monotheism)

Prehistory: related to “Anarchism and Socialism” the division of labor, power, rights, and recourses: VIDEO

Pre-animism 300,000 years old and animism 100,000 years old: related to “Anarchism and Socialism”: VIDEO

Totemism 50,000 years old: related to “Anarchism and Socialism”: VIDEO

Shamanism 30,000 years old: related to “Anarchism and Socialism”: VIDEO

Paganism 12,000 years old: related to “Anarchism and Socialism” (Pre-Capitalism): VIDEO

Paganism 7,000-5,000 years old: related to “Anarchism and Socialism” (Capitalism) (World War 0) Elite and their slaves: VIEDO

Paganism 5,000 years old: progressed organized religion and the state: related to “Anarchism and Socialism” (Kings and the Rise of the State): VIEDO

Paganism 4,000 years old: related to “Anarchism and Socialism” (First Moralistic gods, then the Origin time of Monotheism): VIEDO

I do not hate simply because I challenge and expose myths or lies any more than others being thought of as loving simply because of the protection and hiding from challenge their favored myths or lies.

The truth is best championed in the sunlight of challenge.

An archaeologist once said to me “Damien religion and culture are very different”

My response, So are you saying that was always that way, such as would you say Native Americans’ cultures are separate from their religions? And do you think it always was the way you believe?

I had said that religion was a cultural product. That is still how I see it and there are other archaeologists that think close to me as well. Gods too are the myths of cultures that did not understand science or the world around them, seeing magic/supernatural everywhere.

I personally think there is a goddess and not enough evidence to support a male god at Çatalhöyük but if there was both a male and female god and goddess then I know the kind of gods they were like Proto-Indo-European mythology.

This series idea was addressed in, Anarchist Teaching as Free Public Education or Free Education in the Public: VIDEO

Our 12 video series: Organized Oppression: Mesopotamian State Force and the Politics of power (9,000-4,000 years ago), is adapted from: The Complete and Concise History of the Sumerians and Early Bronze Age Mesopotamia (7000-2000 BC): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=szFjxmY7jQA by “History with Cy

Show #1: Mesopotamian State Force and the Politics of Power (Samarra, Halaf, Ubaid)

Show #2: Mesopotamian State Force and the Politics of Power (Eridu: First City of Power)

Show #3: Mesopotamian State Force and the Politics of Power (Uruk and the First Cities)

Show #4: Mesopotamian State Force and the Politics of Power (First Kings)

Show #5: Mesopotamian State Force and the Politics of Power (Early Dynastic Period)

Show #6: Mesopotamian State Force and the Politics of Power (King Lugalzagesi and the First Empire)

Show #7: Mesopotamian State Force and the Politics of Power (Sargon and Akkadian Rule)

Show #8: Mesopotamian State Force and the Politics of Power (Naram-Sin, Post-Akkadian Rule, and the Gutians)

Show #9: Mesopotamian State Force and the Politics of Power (Gudea of Lagash and Utu-hegal)

Show #10: Mesopotamian State Force and the Politics of Power (Third Dynasty of Ur / Neo-Sumerian Empire)

Show #11: Mesopotamian State Force and the Politics of Power (Amorites, Elamites, and the End of an Era)

Show #12: Mesopotamian State Force and the Politics of Power (Aftermath and Legacy of Sumer)

Damien Marie AtHope’s Art

The “Atheist-Humanist-Leftist Revolutionaries”

Cory Johnston ☭ Ⓐ Atheist Leftist @Skepticallefty & I (Damien Marie AtHope) @AthopeMarie (my YouTube & related blog) are working jointly in atheist, antitheist, antireligionist, antifascist, anarchist, socialist, and humanist endeavors in our videos together, generally, every other Saturday.

Why Does Power Bring Responsibility?

Think, how often is it the powerless that start wars, oppress others, or commit genocide? So, I guess the question is to us all, to ask, how can power not carry responsibility in a humanity concept? I know I see the deep ethical responsibility that if there is power their must be a humanistic responsibility of ethical and empathic stewardship of that power. Will I be brave enough to be kind? Will I possess enough courage to be compassionate? Will my valor reach its height of empathy? I as everyone, earns our justified respect by our actions, that are good, ethical, just, protecting, and kind. Do I have enough self-respect to put my love for humanity’s flushing, over being brought down by some of its bad actors? May we all be the ones doing good actions in the world, to help human flourishing.

I create the world I want to live in, striving for flourishing. Which is not a place but a positive potential involvement and promotion; a life of humanist goal precision. To master oneself, also means mastering positive prosocial behaviors needed for human flourishing. I may have lost a god myth as an atheist, but I am happy to tell you, my friend, it is exactly because of that, leaving the mental terrorizer, god belief, that I truly regained my connected ethical as well as kind humanity.

Cory and I will talk about prehistory and theism, addressing the relevance to atheism, anarchism, and socialism.

At the same time as the rise of the male god, 7,000 years ago, there was also the very time there was the rise of violence, war, and clans to kingdoms, then empires, then states. It is all connected back to 7,000 years ago, and it moved across the world.

Cory Johnston: https://damienmarieathope.com/2021/04/cory-johnston-mind-of-a-skeptical-leftist/?v=32aec8db952d  

The Mind of a Skeptical Leftist (YouTube)

Cory Johnston: Mind of a Skeptical Leftist @Skepticallefty

The Mind of a Skeptical Leftist By Cory Johnston: “Promoting critical thinking, social justice, and left-wing politics by covering current events and talking to a variety of people. Cory Johnston has been thoughtfully talking to people and attempting to promote critical thinking, social justice, and left-wing politics.” http://anchor.fm/skepticalleft

Cory needs our support. We rise by helping each other.

Cory Johnston ☭ Ⓐ @Skepticallefty Evidence-based atheist leftist (he/him) Producer, host, and co-host of 4 podcasts @skeptarchy @skpoliticspod and @AthopeMarie

Damien Marie AtHope (“At Hope”) Axiological Atheist, Anti-theist, Anti-religionist, Secular Humanist. Rationalist, Writer, Artist, Poet, Philosopher, Advocate, Activist, Psychology, and Armchair Archaeology/Anthropology/Historian.

Damien is interested in: Freedom, Liberty, Justice, Equality, Ethics, Humanism, Science, Atheism, Antiteism, Antireligionism, Ignosticism, Left-Libertarianism, Anarchism, Socialism, Mutualism, Axiology, Metaphysics, LGBTQI, Philosophy, Advocacy, Activism, Mental Health, Psychology, Archaeology, Social Work, Sexual Rights, Marriage Rights, Woman’s Rights, Gender Rights, Child Rights, Secular Rights, Race Equality, Ageism/Disability Equality, Etc. And a far-leftist, “Anarcho-Humanist.”

I am not a good fit in the atheist movement that is mostly pro-capitalist, I am anti-capitalist. Mostly pro-skeptic, I am a rationalist not valuing skepticism. Mostly pro-agnostic, I am anti-agnostic. Mostly limited to anti-Abrahamic religions, I am an anti-religionist.

To me, the “male god” seems to have either emerged or become prominent around 7,000 years ago, whereas the now favored monotheism “male god” is more like 4,000 years ago or so. To me, the “female goddess” seems to have either emerged or become prominent around 11,000-10,000 years ago or so, losing the majority of its once prominence around 2,000 years ago due largely to the now favored monotheism “male god” that grow in prominence after 4,000 years ago or so.

My Thought on the Evolution of Gods?

Animal protector deities from old totems/spirit animal beliefs come first to me, 13,000/12,000 years ago, then women as deities 11,000/10,000 years ago, then male gods around 7,000/8,000 years ago. Moralistic gods around 5,000/4,000 years ago, and monotheistic gods around 4,000/3,000 years ago. 

To me, animal gods were likely first related to totemism animals around 13,000 to 12,000 years ago or older. Female as goddesses was next to me, 11,000 to 10,000 years ago or so with the emergence of agriculture. Then male gods come about 8,000 to 7,000 years ago with clan wars. Many monotheism-themed religions started in henotheism, emerging out of polytheism/paganism.

“Animism” is needed to begin supernatural thinking.
“Totemism” is needed for supernatural thinking connecting human actions & related to clan/tribe.
“Shamanism” is needed for supernatural thinking to be controllable/changeable by special persons.
Together = Gods/paganism

Damien Marie AtHope’s Art

Damien Marie AtHope (Said as “At” “Hope”)/(Autodidact Polymath but not good at math):

Axiological Atheist, Anti-theist, Anti-religionist, Secular Humanist, Rationalist, Writer, Artist, Jeweler, Poet, “autodidact” Philosopher, schooled in Psychology, and “autodidact” Armchair Archaeology/Anthropology/Pre-Historian (Knowledgeable in the range of: 1 million to 5,000/4,000 years ago). I am an anarchist socialist politically. Reasons for or Types of Atheism

My Website, My Blog, & Short-writing or QuotesMy YouTube, Twitter: @AthopeMarie, and My Email: damien.marie.athope@gmail.com

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